S.4073 – Uyghur Policy Act of 2022 was introduced in the Senate on April 2022, by Senator Marco Rubio (R-TX).
The full title is: “A bill to support the human rights of Uyghurs and members of other ethnic groups residing primarily in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and safeguard their district civilization and identity, and for other purposes.
The bill focuses on public diplomacy especially in the Islamic world, and UN action and supports the appointment of a special rapporteur for Uyghur concerns.
PUBLIC DIPLOMACY IN THE ISLAMIC WORLD WITH RESPECT TO THE UYGHUR SITUATION.
The Secretary of State, working through the Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs, shall support, through the United States Speaker Program, human rights advocates representing Uyghurs and members of other ethnic and religious groups persecuted in the PRC, to speak at public diplomacy forums in Muslim-majority countries and other regions about issues regarding the human rights and religious freedom of Uyghurs and members of other ethnic and religious groups that are being persecuted in the PRC.
SEC. 5. determines that not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall develop and submit to Congress a strategy to support and secure the release of political prisoners detained in the PRC. detailed assessment of how the United States can leverage its contributions to the United Nations to support the United Nations Commissioner for Human Rights and numerous United Nations Special Rapporteurs’ urgent calls for immediate and unhindered access to detention facilities and “political reeducation” camps in the XUAR by independent international organizations and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights for a comprehensive assessment of the human rights situation; a detailed description of how the United States Government will work with other like-minded countries to pressure the PRC to immediately stop the genocide of Uyghurs and other ethnic groups in the XUAR; and a detailed plan for how United States Government officials can use meetings with representatives of the Chinese Communist Party to demand the immediate and unconditional release of all prisoners detained for their ethnic, cultural, religious, and linguistic identities, or for expressing their political or religious beliefs in the XUAR.
SEC. 6. REQUIREMENT FOR UYGHUR LANGUAGE TRAINING.
The Secretary of State shall ensure that Uyghur language training is available to Foreign Service officers, as appropriate; and every effort is being made to ensure that a Uyghur-speaking member of the Foreign Service is assigned to United States diplomatic and consular missions in the PRC, Turkey, and other nations hosting Uyghur populations.
SEC. 7. UYGHUR CONSIDERATIONS AT THE UNITED NATIONS.
The Secretary of State and the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations shall use the voice, vote, and influence of the United States at the United Nations to oppose any efforts to prevent consideration of the issues related to the XUAR in any body of the United Nations; and to prevent the participation of any Uyghur human rights advocates in nongovernmental for a hosted by or otherwise organized under the auspices of any body of the United Nations; and to support the appointment of a special rapporteur or working group for the XUAR for the purposes of monitoring human rights violations and abuses in the XUAR; and making reports available to the High Commissioner for Refugees, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the General Assembly, and other United Nations bodies.